Burma / Myanmar


Veronica Portillo
Ms. Hillier-10 D
Around the World Project

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Introduction

Burma, a country who is also known as Myanmar, is in Southeast Asia.
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Its area is 676,578 km2. In 1989 the largest nation of mainland Southeast Asia changed its name from Burma to Myanmar.

Population
50,519,000.

Estimates for Burma take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Birth Rate
19.11 births/ 1,000 population

Myanmar is one of the poorest countries in the Southeast Asia. Years of inactivity, mismanagement and isolation have left the economy in a very bad condition. People are not having as many babies as before because they won’t have the money to maintain their kids and give them a good life.

Death Rate
8.1 deaths/ 1,000 population

Burma has one of Asia's highest adult HIV prevalence rates, following Cambodia and Thailand. The general state of health care in Burma is poor. Although health care is nominally free, in reality, patients have to pay for medicine and treatment, even in public clinics and hospitals. Public hospitals lack many of the basic facilities and equipment.

Net Migration Rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/ 1,000 population

The net migration rate shows a negative quantity because consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country, including genocide, systematic rape, child labor, slavery, human trafficking and a lack of freedom of speech. People living in Burma are leaving the country, trying to look somewhere else for a good life for them and their families.

Infant mortality rate
total: 47.74 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.57 deaths/1,000 live births

The majority of death cases were attributable to acute respiratory infections, diarrhea, brain infections, or septicemia. Local understanding of sanitation and hygiene remains low, as does access to clean water and basic sanitation facilities such as latrines. This naturally leads to high levels of associated diseases such cholera and diarrhea, among others diseases.
Population Grow Rate
1.07%



Life Expectancy
57



Doubling Time

65 years

It would take 65 years to double the population Burma has now, due to the terrible sanitation and hygiene affecting the population.


Demographic Transition Model
Burma is a less economically developed country and it is in stage 3 because its population is rising,birth rate starts to fall and death rate continues to fall slowly.

Population Issues
The United Nations Children's Fund in Burma said poor hygiene was behind the deaths of many young Burmese as the country launched its 9th National Sanitation Week yesterday. According to UNICEF, poor sanitation and hygiene were directly linked to the prevalence of diarrhea-related illnesses in Burma; some of the top killers of the country's children.

References
http://reliefweb.int/report/myanmar/poor-sanitation-killer-burmas-children-unicef
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bm.html
http://countryoffice.unfpa.org/myanmar/2010/08/03/2561/executive_summary/
http://volcanoesmakemeexplode.wetpaint.com/page/Stage+3