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Brazil is located in South America with an area of 8 514 877 sq km. It is the fifth largest country in the world based on area. Brazil has a total population of 201 103 330 people making it almost 6 times more populated than Canada. The population of Brazil is the fifth largest of any country in the world.

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Brazilian flag
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Map of Brazil


The birth rate in Brazil is 18.11/1000 and the death rate is 6.35/1000. Brazil is in between being an MEDC and an LEDC and the birth and death rates are about average considering this fact. This birth rate shows that a large proportion of the population in Brazil is of child-bearing age. Political and religious opposition to contraception also contributes to the high birth rate in Brazil. The death rate in Brazil is fairly low because they do not have a large population of older adults, there is widespread access to quality health care, and because they are not currently experiencing war or shortages of food and water.

The net migration rate for Brazil is -0.09/1000, meaning that more people are choosing to leave the country than are choosing to make Brazil their new home. Since a large number of people living in Brazil have a good education, many choose to emigrate from Brazil in search of a more politically stable home.

Infant mortality in Brazil is 21.86 which is quite high considering that the vast majority of Brazilians have access to good food and safe water. The high IMR could be due to the number of people living in rural areas who may not be able to access quality health care at all times.

The population growth rate in Brazil is 1.166% which means the population is growing at a steady rate, but not very fast or very slow in comparison to some other countries in the world. The high birth rate in Brazil is stabilized by the negative net migration rate to make for an average population growth rate.

The doubling time for Brazil is 60 years which is lower than the doubling time for Canada, but greater than the doubling time for a LEDC such as India. The doubling time is moderate due to Brazil's moderate level of development and consequent availble resources and infrastructure such as hospitals and schools.

Life expectancy in Brazil is moderate at 68.7 years for males and 76 years for females. Life expectancy for males is significantly less than for females because of a high reliance on men to participate in dangerous but important economic activities such as mining and manufacturing. Access to quality health care contributes to the long life expectancy for females in Brazil.

Economic and social changes have been quick in Brazil, causing the country to move through the Demographic Transition Model (DTM) quite quickly. Brazil is currently in Stage Three of the DTM.


Completed by Ms. Hillier

References
http://geographyfieldwork.com/DemographicTransition.htm

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html