BotswanaDaniel ArguetaMs. Hillier - 10 AAround the World Project
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Botswana is located in Africa, just above South Africa. It has an area of 581, 730 sq. km, of which 15, 000 sq. km are water. It's the 48th biggest country in the world, its slightly smaller than Texas. Its a landlocked country and its neighbors are South Africa, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. The blue part in the flag represents the water in the form of rain and the white and black bands represent racial harmony.

Population:
Botswana's population is of 2, 098, 018 people in the country, its ranked 144 of the world.
This country's population is affected mainly because of the abundance of diseases such as AIDS, which reduce life expectancy and growth rate and increase death rate and infant mortality.


Birth Rate:
The birth rate is of 22.02 births/ 1,000 population.
Birth rate is very high and part of the reason this happens is because condoms and preservatives are not accessible to most of the population.


Death Rate:
The death rate is of 12 deaths/ 1,000 population.
This statistic is influenced by the bad health care in the country, five of the main diseases are malaria, measles, viral hepatitis, diarrhea, and AIDS.


Net Migration Rate:
The net migration rate is of 4.75 migrants/1,000 population.
The migration rate into Botswana is pretty high due to the increase flow of Zimbabweans into Botswana and South Africa to be able to get a better economy since Botswana has diamond industry and textile industries.


Infant Mortality:
The infant mortality rate is of 10.49 deaths/1,000 live births.
Event though we have a fair health care, 90% of our population have easy access to health care which contributes positively to less deaths.


Population Growth Rate:
The population growth rate in Botswana is of 1.447%, ranked number 82 of the world.
This factor is affected due to the increasing industries within the country and the high birth rate in the country.


Life Expectancy:
Total Population: 55.76 years, ranked 199 of the world.
Male: 56.93 years
Female is of 54.51 years
Botswana only counts with a very basic public health care, and its almost impossible to get treated with a serious disease. Most of the people are very poor and can't afford having health care for both themselves and their children.


Doubling Time:
70/1.447 = 48.38 years
This statistic is the way it is since to find the doubling time, which is the time the population needs to double itself, you divide 70 by the population growth rate which is 1.447 for Botswana. The answer is 48.38 years.


Demographic Transition Model:
Botswana is in stage three of the Demographic Transition Model since its death rate has gone down allowing it to be in stage two, and now the birth rate is decreasing allowing the country's population to reach a stable point.


Less Economically Developed Country:
Botswana is an LEDC since it does not have a solid economy like most of the MEDC in the world. Even though its a LEDC, it has the means to enter the MEDC category since it has had a major economic increase during the last year. Botswana has had the highest average economic growth in the world with 9% per year. It also a high GDP per capita of $13,300. Botswana's economy has increased due to the diamond mining and the incorporation of the services industry.


Population Issues:
Botswana is the second country with the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of the whole world with about 25% of its population infected. Also, 70% of Botswana is covered by the Kalahari desert, which affects farmers that grow crops to feed their families, because of desertification this families are left with nothing and enter extreme poverty.


References:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bc.html
http://www.africaw.com/major-problems-facing-botswana-today
http://sunsite.icm.edu.pl/untpdc/incubator/africahp/bwa/bw17.htm
http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/botswana_statistics.html
http://www.heritage.org/index/country/botswan