Honduras
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Introduction:

Honduras is located in Central America bordering Nicaragua, Guatemala, Salvador, the Caribbean sea, and the North Pacific Ocean. Its total area is 112 090 sq km. It has a tropical climate and has beautiful beaches that encourage many tourists to visit this country. Honduras is categorized as a country with a high rate of violence, and there is a lot of poverty present too.

1. Population: 8,296,693
-Honduras's population has grown over the past years. The most populated cities are San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa because they're more industrialized and Tegucigalpa is Honduras's capital while San Pedro Sula is Honduras's industrial capital.

2. Birth rate: 24.66/1,000
-It has quite a high birth rate because Honduras also has a high fertility rate and teenage pregnancies. Many Hondurans are uneducated and that is why many poor people have unexpected pregnancies. Honduras's birth rate is very high compared to the United States(13.7/1,000) because Americans are more educated than Hondurans.

3. Death rate: 5.05/1,000
-Honduras doesn't have a very high death rate considering there is a lot of poverty. Other than that, many deaths are caused by poor health insurance and AIDS is a big problem around the country.

4. Net migration rate: -1.22/1,000
-Many people are choosing to leave Honduras than to live in it. Many Hondurans seek better opportunities that aren't available in the country and travel in the search for a job. Besides, Honduras has a lot of corruption and violence which makes Hondurans feel insecure and leave the country.

5. Infant mortality rate: 19.85/1,000
-Honduras has a high infant mortality rate probably because many live in rural areas and don't have access to health care. United States's IMR (6/1,000) is much lower than Honduras's because most American kids have access to health care.

6. Population growth rate: 1.838%
-It is a steady growth rate, but it is neither high nor low. The population growth rate is steady because there are much more births than deaths. This growth rate is much higher than United States' rate (0.9%) probably because Americans don't have many births because there is more education in that country.

7. Life expectancy: 70.71 years
-Males have a life expectancy of 69.03 years and females have a life expectancy of 72.47 years. Males have a lower expectancy rate because they usually work in jobs that require physical work. Women rely on men to bring economic stability, and a females' life expectancy depends on the quality of their health care.

8. Doubling time: 38.9 years
-The doubling time for Honduras's population is about 39 years because it has a steady growth rate. There are much more births than deaths so the population increases. United States would take about 78 years for its population to double, which is a lot more years than Honduras.

-Many developing countries, such as Honduras, belong to the stage 2 of the Demographic Transition Model. Honduras is at stage 2 because birth rates are high and death rates are beginning to drop due to improvement on sanitation and health. Honduras began this stage approximately 50-60 years ago. This country is a Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC).

Population Issues:
Honduras has many issues regards population. To begin with, crime is one of the biggest problems. Crime causes many deaths and it also cause many people to leave the country due to insecurity and corruption. Poverty is also a big problem that affects Honduran population because poverty limits the resources people need in order to live a healthy life.

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Completed by Ana Segebre

References:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ho.html
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html
http://geographyfieldwork.com/DemographicTransition.htm
http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1135.html