AFGHANISTANBy:Gaby Molina 10BAfghanistan is a country located in Asia. It is landlocked and borders Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and Pakistan. Afghanistan is the 41st biggest country area wise with 652,230 km squared. It is also the 42nd largest country in relation to population which currently is 30,419,928 people.


MAP:

afghanistan map.jpg


Population:
30,419,928Afghanistan's population is very high and it keeps on growing at a fast pace, this is due to the fact that the birth rate is very high and even though the death rate is also high it doesn't balance out so the population is constantly increasing.
Birth rate:
39.3 births/1,000 populationThe birth rate in Afghanistan is very high due to the fact that many people in Afghanistan don't have the education or access when speaking of birth control. Another factor contributing to the high birth rate is the fact that in the Afghan culture one of the major goals an Afghan woman wants to give her husbands many sons and that way have a successful marriage.
Death Rate:
14.59 deaths/1,000 populationAfghanistan's death rate is considerably high and places it as the 7th country with the highest mortality rate. The death rate is high because Afghanistan isn't a very stable country at this moment; it is and has been for a long time in constant war so good healthcare isn't much of a priority, also the infant mortality rate is a factor that affects the death rate a lot. War is also a major factor in the deaths because since 1979 millions die because of it daily.

Net Migration Rate:
-2.51 migrant(s)/1,000 populationThe migration rate of this country is extremely low because since it is a country at war there are more people leaving the country than people moving in.
Infant Mortality Rate:
121.63 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 129.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 113.36 deaths/1,000 live births
One of Afghanistan's biggest problem is it's infant mortality rate which is very high. The reason for all these deaths is that many of the Afghan women don't have access to prenatal or postnatal healthcare. Another problem found mostly in rural areas is that the husbands won't let their wives be treated by male doctors so they will usually not be examined by any doctor at all which leads to many women dying when giving birth and the child often dying with them.

Population Growth Rate: 2.22%The population growth rate is growing because its birth rate is higher than its death rate.
Life Expectancy:total population: 49.72 years
male: 48.45 years
female: 51.05 years
Life expectancy in Afghanistan isn't appealing to anyone from the western culture because it is so low. This is a country with poor healthcare and education and has been in war for more than 30 years now. Very few people have electricity,water and food and millions are killed daily because of the war.

Doubling Time:
31.53 years
The doubling time for Afghanistan's population is very quick because since it is an expanding country population wise where births outnumber deaths so it takes very little time for it to double.

Major Population Issues Afghanistan is facing:
WAR: Since 1979 when Afghanistan was invaded by the Soviet Union war is the only thing people there know. Currently it is at war with the United States. Because of this war healthcare, education, unemployment and sanitation in the country don't progress. Many people die daily because of the war including women and children.
UNDERWEIGHT CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 5: Many children under the age of 5 are underweight and Afghanistan is the 9th country with the highest underweight average. This is because of the fact that many times these kids don't eat an appropriate diet with all the vitamins and minerals they need to grow properly. Also there is very little healthcare and people are poor so there is no way to help these children in such an early and crucial stage of their growth.
DISEASES: In Afghanistan healthcare is a major issue and many people die from diseases found in the environment or transmitted by others. Water isusually unclean and can cause a person to get bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever. Another common disease are rabies and malaria. Since many people have little access to medicines these diseases possess a high risk of killing a person.

Development:
Afghanistan currently finds itself in stage 2 of the Demographic Transition Model because it is expanding. It has a very high birth rate which causes the population to expand.
Afghanistan is also considered a less economically developed country, specifically a landlocked less economically developed country because it has poor standards of living with few resources, lack of health and education. Also due to the war most of the money is invested on weapons and since it is landlocked there isn't much being exported to other countries.



afghanistan war.jpg

A YOUNG BOY IN CONTACT WITH SOLDIERS FROM THE WAR, SOMETHING THAT HAS BECOME NORMAL FOR PEOPLE IN AFGHANISTAN LIVING IN WAR FOR MORE THAN 30 YRS NOW.


Infant_mortality_rate_world_map.png

INFANT MORTALITY RATE WORLD MAP. AFGHANISTAN IS ONE OF THE COUNTRIES WITH 100+.




References:


"Afghanistan: Mortality Rates Remain High For Mothers, Newborns." RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1068295.html>.

"Central Intelligence Agency." CIA. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html>.

"Comparing The United States to Afghanistan." Comparing The United States to Afghanistan. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ifitweremyhome.com/compare/US/AF>.
"War in Afghanistan -- the History behind the U.S. War in Afghanistan." About.com Terrorism Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <http://terrorism.about.com/od/warinafghanistan/ss/AfghanistanWar_2.htm>.
"Why Do Afghans Have a Life Expectancy of Only 44 Years?" Truthout. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2012. <http://archive.truthout.org/051809A>.